Thursday, May 14, 2020

Military Budget Spending And Effects - 3451 Words

Rubio 1 Military Budget Spending and Effects. Military budget and spending is a very broad subject and one that deserves not only a term paper, but possibly a book. There is loads of information both in book format and on the internet that clearly describes military budget and spending, namely the United States military and spending. The United States was found in 1776 on the principles of liberty and the pursuit of happiness, which just so happens to be a movie of the same title, the Pursuit of Happiness. We became a nation of immigrants and were united by a common belief that we would not be governed by the British. We abhorred what they stood for and were determined to be different. Our cessation from the British, or better yet,†¦show more content†¦George Washington felt the need to make it official and have both the Senate and the House of Representatives declare the United States Military. There were men serving in the Continental Army already and they just transitioned over to the United States Military. In time, the military would divide itself into four branches – the four branches we know today, the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Marines. The history of the United States Military spans two centuries already. It is unbelievable that just two hundred years ago, we were at the infancy of what we now call a superpower of sorts. With this amazing superpower of a Military, we, of course, have to budget for that. The amount of money necessary to sustain a military like the United States is a fortune, but totally worth every penny. Our safety and security depends on these men and women who risk their lives every day to make sure we are protected. There are many who believe that military spending is growly over budgeted but that is a matter of opinion. When it comes to safety, protection, and security, shouldn’t we pay for that? Our tax dollars are allocated to a multitude of things. For instance, our tax dollars are used for paying Congress’ salary, for education, infrastructure, government projects, space exploration (NASA), and of course, military spending. Our new president, Donald Trump is a big supporter of military spending. In fact, most, if not all, Republican presidentsShow MoreRelatedEssay Defense Spending949 Words   |  4 PagesDefense Spending When the terrorist attacks occurred on 9/11 it did more than just affect the comfort level of American citizens. It had an all around impact on how this country will be run for years to come. The one economic impact that I will concentrate on is that the attacks, arguably, but directly effected the U.S. GDP (Gross Domestic Product) and how the national budget will be handled from that day forward. Since the attacks a number of civil defense programs have been initiated, whichRead MoreThe Allocation Of Funds Is An Ongoing Debate1673 Words   |  7 Pagesshould take precedence when it comes to government spending. In general, lawmakers fall into one of two categories. They either believe and support that more government funds should be spent on social services, or the opposing view is that more should be allocated toward defense spending. Despite what elected officials might think, there is a finite amount of funds, therefore, without continuing to increase the national debt, an increase in spending in one category should cause a decrease in anotherRead MoreIs American Education Getting Worse Or Better?. One Of1638 Words   |  7 Pagescompared to other countries. There are three different ways to prevent Americans to fail on the education system such as spending less money on war and inmates and lower the high school dropout rates. First, Americans are willing to put more money toward war than education. Education should be the number one priority instead of war. Americans pay 21% of their taxes to the military. â€Å"In fiscal year 2015, the federal government spent $3.7 trillion, amounting to 21 percent of the nation’s gross domesticRead MoreThe United States Federal Government1238 Words   |  5 Pagesprocess.† A budget associates responsibilities to these resources, ensuring that money is available to go to war, infrastructure and to help citizens in need. Politicians, as policymakers evaluate key decision-making processes about revenues and expenditures. Resource allocation, fiscal discipline and transparency are supposed to be key factors when making decisions on behalf of the citizens who placed them in office. Many U.S. citizens are misled by politicians who camouflage the budget for theirRead MoreShort And Long Term Effects Of Deficit Spending863 Words   |  4 Pagesof deficit spe nding, including how it is used correctly and others used incorrectly. Other area will be relating to the advantages and disadvantages of deficit spending from a bigger picture instead of smaller things to look for. Another part of discussion within this essay will be the crowding-out effect; including the layout of the definition and also understanding in simplest terms for the report. Last area will include the discussion of short and long term effects of deficit spending. Various businessesRead MoreDDE 2300 Essay754 Words   |  4 Pagessupport for opposing President Obama’s 2012 defense budget cut of $500 billion dollars. This essay will identify and analyze two significant thinking shortcomings in the op-ed piece Heavy Price Of Defense Spending Cuts: nations that choose butter over guns atrophy and die. While Hanson pulls together world renowned facts related to failures in defense related strategies from countries around the world, whom have shifted to a national budget more focused on â€Å"butter† related efforts than defenseRead MoreBalancing the Budget1152 Words   |  5 PagesAmerican Government Balance the Budget When it came to the budget simulator I went in there with a general idea of what I wanted to do, and the results were surprising. I was able to cut the deficit by $256 billion leaving a deficit of only $144 billion. I was not able to completely balance the budget which is disappointing but I made a significant difference. It was very difficult to make a balanced budget which I felt was fair but I’m sure many people would feel my cuts and increases wereRead MoreThe United States National Debt1328 Words   |  6 Pagesfinancial practice is to not spend more money than you earn and borrow only for emergencies. It appears our Congress is incapable of adhering to sound financial practices as in the last fifty years there have only been five years when the U.S. recorded a budget surplus. Between 2009 and 2012 the U.S. added 5.5 trillion dollars to its national debt. Neither Republicans nor Democrats appear to have any sense of urgency in rectifying this problem. Fortunately the U.S. Government has a good reputation ofRead MoreU.s. Gross Domestic Product1312 Words   |  6 PagesAs the United States moved further away from the immediate economic boom in the final years of the World War and the following several years, its economy showed a major decline. While the country fought one of the biggest wars of all time, defense spending rose to levels as high as 37.8 percent of U.S. gross domestic product (Teslik). World War II was financed through debts and an increase in taxes, and this negatively effected both consumption and investment. Some believed that the war would improveRead MoreThe Safety Of Our Country1529 Words   |  7 Pagesslowly suffering at the expense of our military; our military is constantly funded with the resources to support and protect our country. The protection of our country is a priority, but the development and growth of our country is a priority as well. While our economy continues to deplete, our military resumes to spend billions every year. Increasing and spending high dollars on our armed forces is not needed in order to continue being the most preeminent military force in the world. In order for our

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay on Compare Contrast a Raisin in the Sun - 1026 Words

Frontina Taylor English Comp II Jaime Barrett Compare and Contrast A Raisin In The Sun Essay In the play, A Raisin in the Sun, by Lorraine Hansberry, and 1961 movie written by Lorraine Hansberry and presented by Columbia pictures, one of the most important themes is the American Dream. Many of the characters have hopes and dreams. They all strive towards their goals throughout. However, many of the characters have different dreams that clash with each other. Problems seem to arise when different people’s dreams conflict with one another. Another theme is racism. Racism was rampant during the 1950’s and this often hindered African American dreams. What is the American dream? In the play, A Raisin in the Sun,†¦show more content†¦This caused tension among the family for there was constant arguing and bicke- ring. This situation is far to common in families today, particularly is there is money involved and everyone has their own dreams as to what to do with it. At the end of the play Walter looses $6,500 dollars therefore hindering his and B enetha’s dream. Lena held onto her dream by moving the family to the new house. Another theme and issue that arrives from the play A Raisin in the Sun, by Lorraine Hansberry, is racism. During the 1950’s blacks and whites were segregated. The house the Younger’s purchased was in the Clybourne Park neighborhood, an all white neighborhood. When Lena told the family they were moving to Clybourne Park they stood with amazement. â€Å"Mama, there ain’t no colored people in Clybourne Park† (p.734). The family heard of other colored families’ houses being set on fire in this neighborhood, they were concerned that the same thing would happen to them. In the film A Raisin In The Sun in 1961, written by Lorraine Hansberry and presented by Columbia Pictures, there are several adaptations that were added and deleted. One adaptation that was added was the different settings. In the play (Hansberry), the setting primarily takes place in the Younger’s living room. The film presents different settings such as Walter’s and Ruth’s bedroom, Benetha’s and Mama’s bedroom, the bar, Walter at work, and the new house.Show MoreRelatedCompare And Contrast A Raisin In The Sun And Lena Younger1072 Words   |  5 Pagesdifferent than the ones of a white male, however both will be equally proud of their achievements when one reaches their outcome. The American Dream can be portrayed as being able to succeed at what you want, and while both Lena Younger, Mama, in A Raisin in the Sun and Jay Gatsby in The Great Gatsby, both had similar dreams of achieving love, Lena Younger achieves her dream by providing for her family, Gatsby’s approach on reaching his dream of through improving his wealth did not succeed. Lena YoungerRead MoreA Raisin in the Sun Compare/Contrast Play/Film Essay702 Words   |  3 PagesLorraine Hansberry’s play â€Å"A Raisin in the Sun,† was a radically new representation of black life, resolutely authentic, fiercely unsentimental, and unflinching in its vision of what happens to people whose dreams are constantly deferred. I compared Act One, Scene 2, in the play and the film. The setting in the play is on a Saturday morning, and house cleaning is in process at the Youngers. In the film, the setting is the same as play, with lighting and costumes. The plot in the play is whenRead MoreCompare/Contrast Willy Loman (Death of a Salesman) and Walter Lee Younger (a Raisin in the Sun)2823 Words   |  12 Pagesare none. Characters Walter Lee Younger and Willy Loman are prime examples of this, both pinning their hopes on unattainable dreams to hide the feelings of failure. The theme of illusion versus reality is present in both Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun and Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman through the portrayal of main characters Walter and Willy in their struggles for happiness and prosperity. Although the two characters have similar dreams, Walter, a dynamic character, breaks through theRead MoreA Raisin In The Sun Character Analysis902 Words   |  4 PagesGordon: Segregat ion vs. Southern Pride Lorraine Hansberry’s â€Å"A Raisin in the Sun† touches on many issues African Americans faced in the early to mid-twentieth century. One can analyze Hansberry’s â€Å"A Raisin in the Sun† from many angles, and come away with different meanings. While Michelle Gordon focuses more on segregation and housing discrimination that plagued African Americans on Chicago’s Southside in Hansberry’s â€Å"A Raisin in the Sun†, William Murray emphasizes on Southern Pride and heritage. ThisRead MoreComparing The Death Of A Salesman And A Raisin The Sun1710 Words   |  7 Pagesthan enough to support your family is something that has always been tremendously significant in the American culture. The Death of a Salesman and A Raisin the Sun are two tales about this struggle. Both stories are about two American families that portray the common way of life around the 1940’s and the struggles that come with it. A Raisin in the Sun is about a bla ck family living in Chicago, and Death of a Salesman is about a white family living in New York. Both families seem to have many problemsRead MoreLorraine Hansberry s A Raisin Of The Sun1527 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"A Raisin in the Sun† is about the Younger Family who live in a small apartment in Chicago. The family is torn apart as every member has different dreams and goals, yet Mama and her daughter-in-law Ruth desperately attempt to hold the family all together. In both the movie and the play, the family’s dreams remain the same. Mama wants her family to get along and she wants to purchase a house. Her son, Walter, wants the life insurance money from his father to invest in a liquor store to achieve hisRead MoreAnalysis Of A Raisin In The Sun1185 Words   |  5 PagesArianna Williams-Smart English 1B Professor Quinn Final Essay The epigraph to A Raisin in the Sun is Langston Hughes poem called A Dream Deferred which was written as an example of life in harlem. The lines are a introduction to the white societys actions to take away equal opportunity from black citizens. Hughes main point is that there could be consequences when peoples frustrations build up or accumulate to the point where they have to either surrender their dreams or allow strenuousRead MoreThe Great Gatsby And Harlem By Langston Hughes1089 Words   |  5 Pagesstruggles of the poor, a woman whose voice is full of money. These phrases contrast with the poor world of the couple George and Myrtle Wilson. While Daisy is soaking in money, George and Myrtle basically live in a dust bowl. Figurative language is also used in â€Å"Harlem† when Hughes attempts to give an idea of what a deferred dream would resemble itself as. He compared a postponed dream to a raisin drying up in the sun and he also gives a strong image with our sen ses when he describes how it stinksRead MoreCompare And Contrast The Ways In Which The American Dream Is Presented Through Walter Younger In Lorraine Hansberry1711 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿Compare and contrast the ways in which the American Dream is presented through Walter Younger in Lorraine Hansberry’s ‘ A Raisin in the Sun’ and Willy Lehman in Arthur Miller’s ‘Death of the Salesman’ The American Dream is something many Americans desire. The desire to the mind – set or belief that anyone can be successful if they worked hard for what they’ve been yearning. It is considered to be a ‘perfect life’; it can be full of money, contentedness or even love. There are many divergent opinionsRead MoreAn Analysis of Langston Hughes Poem Harlem1520 Words   |  6 Pagesalluding to the dreams of Black Americans because the title Harlem represents a community in New York City that is heavily populated with Black folks. His use of similes is very effective when he compares the dream to a raisin (a simile is prefaced by like) Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Another use of alliteration is found in that line with does and dry (Hughes). The use of simile appears again with Or fester like a sore (a dream linked to a sore); And they run? (this is

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Presentation of Evil Essay Example For Students

Presentation of Evil Essay 1. To give sophisticated interpretations supported by concise textual analysis. 2. To show originality of analysis when evaluating the dramatic effects of character and action. 3. To show originality of analysis when evaluating dramatic devices and structures. 4. To show originality of analysis when evaluating the significance of the social, historical and cultural setting of the play. Evil has evolved with society since history began. In the times of the Salem Witch Trials evil was fire and brimstone, the Devil and witches. Modern evils are perceived as paedophiles and the Osama Bin Ladens of the world. Less people in the 21st century have strong religious beliefs whereas religion was the backbone of 17th century society. Less people can be judged as good or evil on the grounds of religion and superstition nowadays. Theocracy ruled the courthouses. Instead, we judge people on their moral, social and psychological standing. In the 21st century people are judged by juries and the public. Seventeenth century society was ruled by an autocracy; only one person or a very small group of people had power in the community. Often the great amount of power placed in these peoples hands would go to their heads and the community, whether it be a small town like Salem or a whole country, would be left in ruins. An example of autocracy in The Crucible is Danforth taking over from Hale as head of the trials. Reverend Hale is the authority on the supernatural but is totally ignored because of Danforths audacity as a result of the abundance of power he entails. Evil is a topic often used by film directors and playwrights. Evil is dramatic, and the tension and excitement created by evil is what an audience likes to see. Audiences will always enjoy the concept of evil because evil actions are forbidden in society. Inside all people is a destructive side that is repressed and during plays, films, and books these destructive fantasies can come alive. This is why plays such as The Crucible are exciting and have such a cathartic effect on audiences. The narrators comments and references to each key character as they enter the play gives a historical insight into the inner workings of the Salem Witch Trials. It helps the audience to identify with the characters to produce a greater cathartic effect and thus make a more exciting, dramatic play. The fact that The Crucible is based upon real events is a shock to the audience. It highlights that humans are not as smart as we believe. We may laugh at the idea of witches and the devil but in 300 years time, society may laugh at September 11th and our modern evils. Evil characters in The Crucible destroy the lives of the good and place the evil in power. Abigail is revered in Salem. It is quoted that when she walks to the courthouse The crowds part like the Red Sea for Moses. She is seen as a religious icon by some, a profit clearing the town of evil. This is ironic in itself because we, the audience, can see this is not true. The dramatic irony is that the audience can see Abigails true motives and the majority of characters are blinded by fear. This induces anger amongst the characters who understand what is really happening and the audience. Tension is created because of the underlying danger that faces the characters should they protest about the trials or witnesses. Millers purposes here are clearly to make the first act as exciting as possible for audiences. Arthur Miller also creates contrasts between characters to emphasise the differences between the evil characters and the good people. .u1af64e0161270450775ba147e143f7b0 , .u1af64e0161270450775ba147e143f7b0 .postImageUrl , .u1af64e0161270450775ba147e143f7b0 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u1af64e0161270450775ba147e143f7b0 , .u1af64e0161270450775ba147e143f7b0:hover , .u1af64e0161270450775ba147e143f7b0:visited , .u1af64e0161270450775ba147e143f7b0:active { border:0!important; } .u1af64e0161270450775ba147e143f7b0 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u1af64e0161270450775ba147e143f7b0 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u1af64e0161270450775ba147e143f7b0:active , .u1af64e0161270450775ba147e143f7b0:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u1af64e0161270450775ba147e143f7b0 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u1af64e0161270450775ba147e143f7b0 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u1af64e0161270450775ba147e143f7b0 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u1af64e0161270450775ba147e143f7b0 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u1af64e0161270450775ba147e143f7b0:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u1af64e0161270450775ba147e143f7b0 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u1af64e0161270450775ba147e143f7b0 .u1af64e0161270450775ba147e143f7b0-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u1af64e0161270450775ba147e143f7b0:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: What dramatic interest is achieved through the character of Juliet and how do the film directors, Zeffirelli and Luhrmann portray her? EssayEvil characters often speak in a temper. It is ironic how the evil characters can change their tone to manipulate other people. Abigails tone vacillates between a commanding, scary tone that she uses to rally the other girls together; to the sweet innocent tone she uses to manipulate adults and figures of authority. This transformation of language often makes the play very exciting when she is switching between tones. Pace is an important factor in any dramatic piece of writing. Pace vacillates alongside the progression of the plot in The Crucible. In Act 1 the pace climaxes as the curtain falls with the noise of the girls shouting out names of those who compacted with the devil. Act 2 almost seems dull in comparison until news of Goody Proctors accusation reaches the farm and the pace reaches a new peak. The vacillation of pace in The Crucible could be compared to the dips and hills of a roller coaster. The upping of tension at the end of each act creates suspense and tension which makes the next act more exciting for audiences. The abrupt ending to the acts makes the play much more dramatic. The inevitable death of John Proctor and the use of the phrase The sun is soon up to indicate the closeness of the hanging is a mark of the pace rising and tension amongst the audience building. It is my belief that the film detracts from the drama of the play because it does not induce the same sort of cathartic effect produced when you have to imagine the setting for yourself. The play leaves many aspects open for the mind to explore such as the killing of Abigails parents. Audiences have always enjoyed stories of good versus evil because they are often fast-paced, exciting and all the things society loves in a good story. People who were read fairy tales as children remember the goodies and baddies, Little Red Riding Hood and the wolf, Rapunzel and the witch. The good characters always prevailed in fairy stories. Lucrative plots and colourful advertising for the big Hollywood blockbusters add to the fun and excitement of watching. Many recent films have centered themselves around the supernatural indicating a link that the genre will never grow old. Harry Potter and The Lord of the Rings film are the two most recent examples of this.

Saturday, April 11, 2020

Bills Made Into Law essays

Bills Made Into Law essays Describe the process of how a bill becomes a specific law with specific attetnion to the hurdles that result in the death of most bills. Our government consist of three branches wich re the judicial legislative and executive. This branches of government , for the most part are the ones that maintian order in our country. Each branch is assigned to a sepcific task. for example the legislative branch, wich is made up of congrss, is responsible for making the laws. but how are laws made? Congrees has two annual sessions with in each term. During this sessions many bills are propsed . However oly about five to ten percent of all the bills porposed will pass as laws. As the steps abill must go through to become a law. The chances of it becoming a law become slim to none. first a bill is introduce by anone in either the senate or the house. in the house of reprsenatives the represenative signs his name on a bill and putds it on the clearks sesk or it in a box called the hopper. however, in the senat, it is usually introduced by the sponers from the floor. There after one must wait for the bill is then given a number (HR 253- Hr indicates the House of Represenatives) and put on the it to be put onto the agenda. The bill can be made public,wich pertains to public affairs or private whichpertains to a particular invidual. Then the bill is referred to a standing commitee, here the bill is heard by hearings. After the billl is heard it id gave to differnt committies. It could be given to many committies to be passed through multiple referral. Although through muliple refferel, it gives the bill toa chance to be heard by many peole , it takes along time becaue it goes through eveyrone and by the time it is done it could have been agrreed on in differnt ways. If this haapens members have to come together in a gargantuan joint meeting. The multiple referral does have an advantage becaue it lets all the views be heard...

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

20 Definition Essay Topics Meet the Most Interesting Issues about Muslim Culture

20 Definition Essay Topics Meet the Most Interesting Issues about Muslim Culture If you need help finding a topic for your next definition essay on Muslim culture, consider the list of 20 definition essay topics below: Defining Harth for Modern Culture The Definition of Cultural Relativism Means Today Defining Faith as a Fundamental Term The Power of a Word to Impact Change How Islam is a Word Which Creates Stereotypes A Word Which Changes History Defining Muslim as an Individual A Word Which is Stigmatized How Veil Harbors Negative Connotations The Negative and Positive Power of One Word The Linguistic Value of Symbols The Power of the Word Prophet Defining the Qu’ran in Modern Culture The Impact of the Five Pillars The Definition of Jilbab Defining Muslim as a Nation Defining Religion among Modern Culture Defining Subservience among Secular Cultures Defining Symbols and Power within Muslim Culture Defining Freedom among Modern Culture Sample Definition Essay Defining Symbols and Power within Muslim Culture One of the largest controversies within Islam and the west is the idea of gender equality. Many western schools of thought focus on the lack of gender equality associated with Muslim women in particular. This is often epitomized through the veil. The veil acts as the precipice upon which many negative connotations related to Islam have been built. There are other symbols for the oppression of women in Islam, but many Muslim scholars and those who associate with Islam in the Middle East, have argued that the Qur’an does not in fact support females as property meant only for the pleasure and service of men. The studies related to â€Å"devout women’s affiliation with conservative religious communities† have been brought under scrutiny in light of â€Å"contemporary social and religious life† (Bartkowski, 2003, p. 72). The most important symbol to many groups either in support of Islam or against Islam, is the veil. The veil is a proponent meant to signify the overall oppression of women in Islam, indicative of their being owned by men or treated as property. Shirazi (p. 32) argues that the veil is a multi-faceted symbol with meanings related to the context. The author states that there is â€Å"semantic versatility of the veil in western popular culture, Saudi advertising, Iranian and Indian poetry and films, and for Iranian, Iraqi, and UAE women soldiers (Shirazi, 2001, p. 32). This same argument is supported by the main authors. Issues of symbols as a means of conveying thoughts toward Islam and Muslim women surround the veil. Objects or people become symbols and with those symbols particular associations which spawn from politically minded propaganda, in the case of cartoons or other graphic depictions of the veil or the prophet. There is an assumption from the West and from the Muslim community that the veil is meant to cover the female body because of female sexuality. Female sexuality was also primarily associated with sin and impurity. The veil is thought by many Muslims as a means of being controlled by men, making them subservient, meant to keep their enticing sexuality covered so that men would not be tempted. However, none of the verses which pertain to the wearing of the veil link female sexuality with sin or impurity, but rather, leaves the female sexuality as something separate from impurity, though it can be used for sin. Castelli (p. 439) raises issues about which this author use as examples for those who hold contemporary ideas about the veil and Islam as oppressive. Castelli supports the idea of â€Å"Islam as a lesser religion and less developed† (p. 439). There have been misinterpretations of verses from the Qu’ran, mistakes made by Muslims who have interpreted them as requiring women to remain covered. It is posited that, â€Å"if the Qur’an asks women to cover their bosoms but leaves other allusions imprecise, it may be because what it means to generalize is a concept of modesty, not Arab dress† (Barlas, 2009, p. 5). Attention is also drawn to the emphasis on women being oppressed by the veil because it symbolizes their possession, being subservient to men. â€Å"A great deal is also made of the Qur’anic reference to women as harth, a word many people interpret as land and, hence, as property. However the Qur’an does not designate a wife her husband’s property†¦ â€Å"The jilbab as having been space and time bound, hence as a specific mode of veiling in that it only acquired meaning in a particular social context† (Barlas, 2009, p. 4). The Barlas viewed it as outdated given the context of the legal implications; if it was originally meant as a means of protection against other men, a way to state that a woman was taken, current laws against sexual abuse now take on that role. In terms of the prophet as symbol for the West to use against Islam, the prophet remains part of collective memory for western cultures, as Europeans associate Islam â€Å"as the harbinger of the West’s destruction in the form of the Antichrist† (Barlas, 2009, p. 7). Barlas raises issues of the graphic cartoons of the Prophet as a terrorist which caused much debate, and how the freedom of speech is really a legal means of domination, allowing westerns to say whatever they want to cast negative shadows on Islam and Muslims. The misuse of symbols such as the veil and the prophet for the purpose of drawing attention to gender inequality presumed to be associated with Islam is protected through freedom of speech: â€Å"Europeans have always felt free to say rather execrable things about Islam†¦That they now rely on free speech to impugn Islam or Muslims should tell us that speech permits not only satire and critique but also assertions of power and dominance† (Barlas, 2009, p. 8). There are many schools of thought pertaining to the veil as a symbol of oppression, all of whom have used freedom of speech to emphasize their interpretations of Islamic symbols. â€Å"The veil is seen as quintessentially traditional† (Bullock, 2002, p. 19) More attention is drawn to the fact that many presume the veil meant as a means of keeping men from thinking impure thoughts about women, thereby associating women and their bodies with sexuality and sin. Overall, preconceptions about gender inequality have been supported through symbols of oppression by the west and ignorant Muslims which have thereby managed to sustain incorrect assumptions about Islam through symbols, particularly the veil and the Prophet. References: Barlas, A. (2009). Islam and Body Politics: Inscribing (Im)morality. In Conference on Religion and Politics of the Body Nordic Society for Philosophy of Religion (pp. 1-12). Reykjavik: University of Iceland. Bartkowski, J., Reed, G. G. (2003). Veiled Submission: Gender, Power, and Identity Among Evangelical and Muslim Women in the United States. Qualitative Sociology, 26(1), 71-92. Bhutto, B. (2008). Reconciliation: Islam, democracy, and the West. New York, NY: Harper. Bullock, K. (2002). Rethinking Muslim women and the veil: challenging historical modern stereotypes. Herndon, VA: International Institute of Islamic Thought. Castelli, E. A., Rodman, R. C. (2001). Women, gender, religion: a reader. New York, NY: Palgrave. Hoodfar, H. (n.d.). The veil in their minds and on our heads: Veiling practices and Muslim women. Retrieved from umass.edu/wost/syllabi/spring06/hoodfar.pd Shirazi, F. (2001). The veil unveiled the hijab in modern culture. Gainesville, FL: Univ. Press od Florida.

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Reflection paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 22

Reflection paper - Essay Example It really felt like college and I pondered those great alumni that this university has produced must have stood to where I stood and felt what I felt. Suddenly, I felt like I am part of a bigger community, of the university’s rich history and to some extent, kinship to its alumni. I was also excited because this would be the first time that I will be away for a long time from the shelter and comfort of my family. In a way, I am venturing into the unfamiliar which gave me a sense of independence to have the freedom to do what I really like. That sense of freedom that I felt when I first got here felt so good and liberating. There were some less than ideal thoughts that entered my mind like partying all night since I will be away from the watchful eyes of my parents but I also cautioned myself that I came here to study and not to party. The class started and I felt that vastness of university that in a way represented the vastness of our world. There were a lot of different kinds of people with different kinds of background and ethnicity, different kind of accents that it could be overwhelming the first time. But I felt excited. It was like being in the real world for the first time. School work begun and then reality set in. The excitement abated because I now have to focus with reports, researches, exams and all sort of school work. But I thought to myself that this is what I came for in the university, to study. The adjustment was not exactly that easy because school work in college can be tough and very demanding. Well, I just said to myself that this is college and it should be this way. It may not be that easy but I think I am doing just fine because I am still here. I already have some friends. Really interesting people who I go out with, have fun and do some crazy things just like what a normal teenager would do in their teenage years. Right now, I am still in the process of discovering the university life. School works

Thursday, February 6, 2020

Humanitarian intervention Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words

Humanitarian intervention - Case Study Example These abstract definitions, which are often social constructs, become even more problematic when viewed through the lens of legitimate ethical concerns. Does a foreign power have the right to intervene and restore order when the disruption of food supplies results in the starvation of massive numbers of children' Does a world military power have the moral obligation to inflict democracy on a people that are oppressed economically, politically, and socially and do not have the benefit of free elections and choice' These questions have come before the international bodies such as the United Nations (UN) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in recent years as the Palestinian oppression, the atrocities in Kosovo, and the genocide in Darfur beg for resolution and are met with impasse and impotence on the world stage. Humanitarian relief and armed intervention is an issue too complex to be limited by preset rules and needs to be assessed on a case-by-case basis with morality a nd ethics as the only relevant veto powers available. The problems that are presented by international bodies in pursuing an armed humanitarian intervention are very clearly evident in the conflict that arose in Kosovo in 1998-1999. International law presented several obstacles to any unilateral or multi-lateral actions without the near unanimous consent of the United Nations. Article 2(4) of the UN Charter explicitly prohibits military intervention into the internal affairs of any state, and that prohibition extends regardless of ideology (democratic or dictatorial), morality of the ruling government, or intervention for humanitarian purposes (Henkin, 1999, p.824). According to UN rules, certain ruling members have a veto power and in the case of Kosovo, Russia and China were willing to block any unanimous consensus on military intervention. Due to post Cold War animosities, "geography and politics rendered unanimity by the permanent members in support of military action (especially in the Balkans) highly unlikely" (Henkin, 1999, p.82 5). The United Kingdom, with support of the US, moved forward without the approval of the UN, opting instead to invoke the collective approval of NATO as a legitimate international body that took precedence over the UN based on regional concerns and authority. Legal scholars generally agree that the NATO action in Kosovo was in violation of international law, though it can be justified through ethical and moral reasoning. While there is some debate on the ultimate effectiveness of the campaign and the amount of suffering alleviated, the focus should remain on the intent of the action. There is no doubt that there were political pressures that moved the impetus to provide humanitarian relief. The NATO action in Kosovo was taken to provide humanitarian relief, avert further catastrophe, prevent the destabilization of key parts of Europe, and to maintain the legitimacy of NATO (Wedgwood, 1999, p.829). Taken one at a time these goals may be insufficient, but their collective weight makes the action more acceptable. However, the fact that this was a Caucasian country and a Euro-centric action cannot be overlooked. Would this action have been initiated if the population were a black African nation' According to Coady (2002, p.26), "responses to exterminations need close examination lest they do contain elements of mere prejudice,